Is a Geographical Certification a Promising Production and Commercialization Strategy for Smallholder Sheep Farming in Ceará, Brazil?

  • Sarah Schneider University of Hohenheim
  • Marianna Siegmund-Schultze University of Hohenheim
  • Evandro V. Holanda Júnior Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos
  • Francisco S. F. Alves Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos
  • Anne Valle Zárate University of Hohenheim
Keywords: Brazil, Farming Systems, Food Value Chain, Geographical Indication (GI), Sheep

Abstract

Producing a local sheep meat product under a geographical certification label may enhance market competitiveness of smallholder farmers. This study focused on sheep farms in Ceará (Northeast Brazil); we explored their potential for adopting such a strategy, described the production chain of the salted, dried sheep meat product, and evaluated its potential certification. The study built on an existing unpublished dataset about the socio-economic conditions, production techniques, and commercialization characteristics of 129 sheep producers in the Tauá municipality. Multiple correspondence analysis followed by a nonhierarchical cluster analysis resulted in five farm clusters. In-depth interviews about socio-economic and production characteristics were conducted with a subsample of 23 farmers. The production chain was evaluated by applying methodological and data triangulation. The dried mutton product showed potential for geographical certification. However, essential preconditions for establishing a successful and sustainable geographic certification system were currently lacking.

Author Biographies

Sarah Schneider, University of Hohenheim
Institute of Animal Production in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim (480a); Garbenstrasse 17; 70593 Stuttgart, Germany.
Marianna Siegmund-Schultze, University of Hohenheim
Institute of Animal Production in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim (480a); Garbenstrasse 17; 70593 Stuttgart, Germany.
Evandro V. Holanda Júnior, Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos
Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos, Caixa Postal 145, 62011-970 Sobral-CE, Brazil.
Francisco S. F. Alves, Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos
Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos, Caixa Postal 145, 62011-970 Sobral-CE, Brazil.
Anne Valle Zárate, University of Hohenheim
Institute of Animal Production in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim (480a); Garbenstrasse 17; 70593 Stuttgart, Germany.
Published
2012-03-21
How to Cite
Schneider, S., Siegmund-Schultze, M., Holanda Júnior, E., Alves, F., & Zárate, A. (2012). Is a Geographical Certification a Promising Production and Commercialization Strategy for Smallholder Sheep Farming in Ceará, Brazil?. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2(2), 107-127. https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2012.022.013