Could Toronto Provide 10% of its Fresh Vegetable Requirements from within its Own Boundaries? Matching Consumption Requirements with Growing Spaces

  • Rod MacRae York University
  • Eric Gallant York University
  • Sima Patel York University
  • Marc Michalak York University
  • Martin Bunch York University
  • Stephanie Schaffner York University
Keywords: Urban Agriculture, Land Inventory, Vegetable Consumption

Abstract

Is it feasible for Toronto to produce and market 10% of its fresh vegetable requirements from within its own boundary, without competing with existing Ontario vegetable producers? We used zoning maps, aerial photography, and numerous exclusionary and inclusionary criteria to identify potential food production sites across the city and, after identifying organic vegetable production yields, to calibrate supply potentials against current vegetable consumption estimates for the Toronto population. It was determined that Toronto required 2,317 hectares (5,725 acres) of food production area to meet current demand, if all production were organic to fulfill other municipal environmental objectives. Of this, 1073.5 ha (2,653 acres) of land could be available from existing Census farms producing vegetables, lands currently zoned for food production, certain areas zoned for industrial uses, and over 200 small plots (0.4–2 ha or 1–4.9 acres) dotted throughout the northeast and northwest of the city. In addition, 1243.5 ha (3,072.8 acres) of rooftop space would also be required. The land and rooftop space available suggests, however, that there would be difficulties meeting requirements for land-extensive crops such as sweet corn, squash, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, and asparagus.

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Author Biographies

Rod MacRae, York University
Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Canada
Eric Gallant, York University
Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Canada
Sima Patel, York University
Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Canada
Marc Michalak, York University
Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Canada
Martin Bunch, York University
Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Canada
Stephanie Schaffner, York University
Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Canada
Published
2010-12-10
How to Cite
MacRae, R., Gallant, E., Patel, S., Michalak, M., Bunch, M., & Schaffner, S. (2010). Could Toronto Provide 10% of its Fresh Vegetable Requirements from within its Own Boundaries? Matching Consumption Requirements with Growing Spaces. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 1(2), 105-127. https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2010.012.008
Section
Urban Agriculture Call Papers