Farmers' Willingness to Pay for Establishing a Collective Postharvest Refrigeration Unit

Evidence from an Eastern Mediterranean Rural Community




Small-scale Farmers, Farmers’ Willingness to Pay, Postharvest Loss, Contingent Valuation Method, Policy Analysis, Developing Economies


One-third of crops harvested globally is lost due to inadequate or lack of postharvest storage facilities. This paper explores farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for a common refrigeration unit to reduce postharvest losses in the Bekaa valley, a Lebanese breadbasket. Using the contingent valuation (CV) method—a survey-based economic technique used mainly for the valuation of nonmarket environ­men­tal and public goods—this study was con­ducted with a sample of farmers in selected village municipalities in the area under study. The results indicate that most farmers (72%) are highly concerned about postharvest losse, and that 80% were willing to pay varying amounts for the proposed initiative, with most WTP values fall­ing within the range of US$21–US$30 per month (31%). By contrast, a consid­erable proportion of the farmers (20%) were not willing to pay any fee for establishing the common refrigeration unit. Results further establish the different small-scale farmers’ characteristics and factors affecting WTP. Some factors including longer farming experience, higher variable costs associated with farming oper­ations, working year-round in farming, and access to wholesale markets, significantly increased WTP for access to a com­mon refrigeration unit, depend­ing on the type of cultivated crops. These results are of particular interest for developing relevant policies and informing decision-making intent to solve post­harvest management issues in developing econo­mies. This study establishes the importance of offering refrigeration services at discounted or subsidized prices to smaller farmers as a public good aimed at promoting agrarian and rural development.

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Author Biographies

Amani Maalouf, American University of Beirut

Department of Civil and Environ­mental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture

Ali Chalak, American University of Beirut

Associate Professor, Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences



How to Cite

Maalouf, A., & Chalak, A. (2019). Farmers’ Willingness to Pay for Establishing a Collective Postharvest Refrigeration Unit: Evidence from an Eastern Mediterranean Rural Community. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(1), 89–99.