Toward a Food Policy "First Step" in Oakland, California: A Food Policy Council's Efforts To Promote Urban Agriculture Zoning

  • Nathan McClintock Portland State University; Oakland Food Policy Council
  • Heather Wooten ChangeLab Solutions; Oakland Food Policy Council
  • Alethea Harper Brown Oakland Food Policy Council
Keywords: Urban Agriculture, Food Policy Councils, Food Systems Planning, Land Use Planning, Zoning

Abstract

Urban agriculture (UA) is cropping up in backyards, vacant lots, rooftops, and city parks across North America. Despite popular interest, zoning often serves as an obstacle to UA's expansion. In this reflective case study, we document the efforts of the Oakland Food Policy Council (OFPC) to develop recommendations for urban agriculture zoning in Oakland, California, as a means of fostering UA's expansion. First, we focus on the role of zoning in urban agriculture planning, draw¬ing on best practices from around the country. Then we provide an overview of Oakland's food system and place the OFPC within the context of local food justice initiatives. Next, we outline the process by which the council prioritized food system goals before focusing more specifically on its efforts to create new zoning definitions and operating standards for UA, including both successes and obstacles to gaining the attention of city officials and moving the policy agenda forward. We conclude by reviewing the OFPC's lessons learned.

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Author Biographies

Nathan McClintock, Portland State University; Oakland Food Policy Council
Toulan School of Urban Studies & Planning, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland, Oregon 97207 USA, +1-503-725-4064; and Oakland Food Policy Council, c/o Food First, 398 60th Street, Oakland, California 94618 USA.
Heather Wooten, ChangeLab Solutions; Oakland Food Policy Council
ChangeLab Solutions, 2201 Broadway, Suite 502, Oakland, California 94612 USA; Oakland Food Policy Council, c/o Food First, 398 60th Street, Oakland, California 94618 USA.
Alethea Harper Brown, Oakland Food Policy Council
ChangeLab Solutions, 2201 Broadway, Suite 502, Oakland, California 94612 USA.
Published
2012-09-08
How to Cite
McClintock, N., Wooten, H., & Brown, A. H. (2012). Toward a Food Policy "First Step" in Oakland, California: A Food Policy Council’s Efforts To Promote Urban Agriculture Zoning. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2(4), 15-42. https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2012.024.009
Section
Open Call Papers